QT is helping to develop a number renewable energy projects, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. QT is working with the World Bank's Community Development Carbon Fund to accelerate CDM investment in Africa -- currently a region that is seeing few CDM projects. Many of these projects will bring modern energy services to underserved populations -- while also reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Small Hydropower: QT is working with project developers in Sierra Leone, Uganda and elsewhere to implement small hydro facilities that will provide electricity to off-grid areas. By extending the grid and offering more reliable electricity, communities can be more productive and help improve standards of living. In addition, rural communities often use polluting and inefficient diesel generators, and displacing these units with electricity from small-hydro plants will reduce CO2 emissions.
Bagasse: Sugar factories around the globe generate sugar cane waste, which can be used as energy. QT is working with sugar manufacturers to utilize this waste - currently being burned in fields - to generate steam and electricity. Bagasse co-generation offers more opportunities to displace grid or off-grid diesel use throughout the world. In addition, QT is working with one company to use sugar waste to produce ethanol, which can be blended with petrol - further reducing CO2 emissions from the transportation sector.
Biomass: QT is working with developers of biomass power projects to overcome some of the barriers to implementation by accessing carbon revenues through CDM and JI. Companies are looking at using a wide variety of organic waste materials for fuel. In some cases, project developers are having to develop from scratch the collection and transportation network required to bring fuels to the generation plant. QT is helping one project developer in India to obtain carbon finance for two 7.5 MW biomass plants (currently in the validation phase).
Landfill Gas: Landfills all over the world emit methane, a powerful greenhouse gas. By capturing that methane and using it for electricity or other uses, substantial carbon credits can be generated. In addition, squatters and others near landfills often face dangerous situations when being near such combustible gases. Landfill gas capture offers significant CDM opportunities for developing countries. QT
has drafted a number of PDDs for clients implementing landfill gas
projects, assisting many of them through the validation process.
QT has also done a pre-feasibility analysis on landfills in Ghana, Mozambique and Uganda, showing that in most cases carbon finance can pay for an entire methane capture/electricity generation project at the landfill within 8 years.